ITUC // Trade Union Development Projects Directory

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Humedal Vivo: gestión ambiental participativa del Humedal Cerrón Grande a través de una economía inclusiva, responsable y sostenible

duration: 2 years 6 months 1 day (From 13 March 2016 to 13 September)
budget: 1,512,412 EUR

Objectives
1. Mitigate the impact of climate change in the Rio Lempa High Valley using sustainable management systems.
2. Contribute to the sustainable management of environmental resources of the Cerrón Grande, including more vulnerable groups with productive activities in fishery, tourist and agricultural sectors.

Types of activities
1. Training, Advocacy ,Good practice dissemination
2. Support for productive activities
(fish farming, fishing, agriculture,
tourism) also through pilot units
of renewable energy production (Bio-digester);
3. Updating and application of the
monitoring and management plane for invasive species;
4. Application of the monitoring system
of chemical and biological water parameters;
5. Application of management plans
of protection and prohibition areas
in the water mirror of the wetland
6. Updating the Ramsar Convention

Description
Located at the 115th place in the Human Development Index, the country has an unemployment rate of 6.3%.

The remittances of the emigrants represent 20% of the GDP, contributing to the reduction of the commercial balance deficit but not favouring a real development, as confirmed by the data of the United Nations (UNDP).

The action, carried out by Iscos, affects the Departments of Chalatenango, Cuscatlán, Cabañas and San Salvador where is located the Cerròn Grande Dam, administered by the Hydroelectric Executive Commission (CEL), which generates one third of national electricity.

Its construction in 1975 involved the relocation of the local populations from the agricultural to the fishery sector, but without an adequate support and diversified production activities. Furthermore, there is a lack of the tools for the sustainable management of the area (RAMSAR Convention signed in 2005), due to the ineffective participation of social organizations involved and the inability to cope with the consequences of climate change on biodiversity and productive systems.